The European Medical Institute of Obesity (IMEO) has launched its ninth edition of the classification of the most and least indicated diets to take care of the line, thus among the worst diets it indicates the Keto diet or the patch diet, while among the five healthiest lists the flexitarian diet or realfood.
The IMEO Ranking is supported by twenty experts in obesity and health care, including endocrine doctors and bariatric surgeons, clinical and sports nutritionists, dietitians, psychologists, therapists and physical trainers. It feeds on real cases, scientific and market studies, news and trends collected in the media and social networks, as well as outstanding searches on Google.
Experts remind that less healthy diets are sensational and very restrictive, they promise to lose a lot of weight in a short time, being unsustainable in the long term. In addition, they lack scientific support and often resort to “miraculous and dangerous” decisions.
The first discouraged for a healthy weight loss is the diet of the prick. It is an injectable drug with the help of which it is intended to lose extra kilos practically without any effort. Its active ingredient is liraglutide, with an appetite-inhibiting effect that acts on brain receptors, increasing the feeling of satiety for the next 24 hours, so that to maintain this anorexigenic effect, it must be injected daily at the same time.
This type of drug has been marketed in Spain since 2016. The list of side effects it can cause is long: from mild ones such as vomiting, nausea, fatigue, dizziness, constipation or diarrhoea, to some very serious ones, such as necrotizing pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction, diabetes type II, kidney failure or heart attack.
The second is the diet of the patches, promises to lose between 4 and 8 kilos per month for the modest price of 25 euros per package. “They have no side effects, but their effectiveness in weight loss has not been scientifically proven either,” says Inmaculada Luengo, clinical nutritionist and expert in community and sports nutrition at IMEO.
The third is the keto or ketogenic diet with its most controversial variants, such as Atkins, Scardale or Dukan, promises significant weight loss, 2 to 3 kilos a week, and is often associated with the names of Jennifer Lopez or the actress Halle Berry. It is a diet based on 70 or 80 percent protein and fat intake, an amount that is unsustainable, compared to the Japanese diet, one of the healthiest and longest-lasting, composed of only 20 percent fat .
“When someone follows this pattern and stops consuming carbohydrates, their body loses its main source of energy and resorts to stored fat as a supply,” explains IMEO clinical nutritionist Carmen Escalada. By reducing the consumption of foods rich in simple sugars that provide a large amount of empty calories, you reduce your total caloric intake, since foods rich in protein and fat, the ones allowed, are very satiating, so you will eat less.
For all these reasons, this guideline should only be done under the supervision of a qualified health professional and for a limited time, since it can cause health problems derived from the accumulation of ketone bodies that can range from mild (bad breath, nausea, cramps, dizziness, constipation, or headaches) to severe (dehydration, hyperuricemia, kidney failure, or brain edema).
Fourth, they point out the baby diet with which you can lose up to 3 kilos in a week, and imitates the diet of a baby and triumphs among younger women and celebrities, such as Lady Gaga or Jennifer Anniston. It consists of replacing the solid daily diet with crushed foods with a liquid or semi-solid consistency that include crushed fruit, vegetable purees or meal replacement shakes. This type of diet is not necessarily less caloric than a diet that includes all kinds of consistencies.
Finally, the severe dissociated diet. This diet taken to the extreme, this pattern promises to lose about 3 kilos a week and is one of the favorites of actress Kate Winslet and singer Kilye Minogue. This diet has no significant side effects, it is monotonous and difficult to follow over time, it produces fatigue and a guaranteed rebound effect when abandoning it.
These are the five best diets
On the contrary, experts highlight five diets that contribute to a healthy lifestyle. The first would be what is called 360 change, where the objective is not focused only on weight loss, but on other equally important aspects, such as health, the role of food as medicine, vitality and the state of mood, sleep quality, stress management, physical improvement and body composition or reduce and delay the effects of aging.
He recommends eating plenty of fruits and vegetables and, to a lesser extent, whole grain carbohydrates, lean sources of protein such as legumes, fish, and low-fat dairy, as well as heart-healthy fats. The drinks allowed to be taken between the main meals are water, coffee and infusions.
Psychonutrition or not a diet, which is what the former model Heidi Klum and the actress Ana de Armas follow. It deals with the relationship that people have with food, their behaviors, such as eating out of anxiety or their emotional bond with certain types of food in certain situations or moods.
In other words, it is about learning to eat without extreme restrictions, that is why it does not rule out any food group, it prioritizes vegetables, fruits, legumes, meat, fish, flour and whole grains, good fats rich in antioxidants and does not exclude indulging in minor nutritional quality or occasionally processed.
Third, he recommends real food. Those who follow him take care of their health based on “real food” that includes both whole and fresh foods, which have been minimally processed, as well as foods that have been processed but that preserve the initial quality and healthy properties of the food.
Although the fundamental objective of realfood is not weight loss, this can occur at a rate of half a kilo per week as a collateral consequence of the improvement in lifestyle and the reduction in the consumption of certain high-calorie and low-satiating products. , such as cookies, buns, juices and soft drinks or industrial sauces among others.
Another diet he recommends is 16/8 intermittent fasting, which is followed by Elsa Pataky and Chris Hemsworth. The fast that commonly provides the best results (with the best benefit-risk ratio) would be 16/8, while thresholds above 10 pm for long periods would be discouraged due to a greater probability of loss of muscle mass.
In the 8/16 fast we will have a first phase of 16 hours in which we will not eat any food and in large part it usually coincides with the period we spend sleeping, skipping breakfast and proceeding later with the feeding window. Low-calorie liquids such as water, tea and a certain amount of coffee could be consumed at all times to reduce the feeling of hunger.
Finally, there is the flexitarian diet based on the consumption of a vegetarian diet in which meat or fish is consumed only occasionally – usually outside the home or in social meals where it is more complicated to follow a vegetarian or strictly vegan pattern. Although it is not a diet to lose weight as such, well planned can help us in this task at a healthy rate of between half and a kilo of fat per week.